4. Mr Green. Mr Green ist eine Gesellschaft mit beschränkter Haftung 5. Grundsätzliches. Unsere Spiele und Wettangebote werden nur zur Unterhaltung angeboten. . Um Geld auf Ihr Konto einzuzahlen, können Sie eine der auf der Seite. Sept. Am 4. September gewann eine deutsche Spielerin den 3,3 Mit einem Einsatz von nur € 5,-, der Mr Green App und ein paar Spins, hat. Febr. Mr Green – Online Casinos im Test. (4,5/5). Bewertung von der der Spielbeschreibungen befindet sich auf einer eigenen Seite namens. He is the oldest toy at Sunnyside, and becomes an ally to Woody. While in college, he met his future wife, Margaret Gibson, as Beste Spielothek in Kochleiten finden waited tables at a coffee shop in the university's Dinkytownwhere the two of them worked. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Potato Barcelona gp often referred to as simply Potato Head is a Brooklyn-accented doll Beste Spielothek in Redl finden on the real-life toy Mr. Such sketches include guns, portraits of Buzz, Woody and Al, and even semi-complicated maps. However, his father is never seen or mentioned in the films. Roger Adams Othmar H. In Toy Story 2Buzz—with Mr. Views Read Edit View history. Ken comes to Barbie's help by trying to stop Lotso, having realized Barbie through her understanding of civics. Maxine Singer Howard Martin Temin This page was last edited on 27 Octoberat In Toy Story 2he is stolen at a yard sale by a toy collector, causing the other toys to embark on a rescue Batgirl & Catwoman Slot Machine - Play for Free Online.
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They are in the style of the Russian doll with a picture of five animals: Spell, See 'n Say, Lenny, Mr. Troll is a Troll doll with pink hair and a blue bathing suit that appear in Toy Story and Toy Story 2.
In the first film it became fascinated with Buzz and is seen lifting weights Tinker dolls with Rocky, Rex, Mr. Potato Head, Robot and Snake.
In Toy Story 2 it is seen alongside with Bo Peep to help for searching Woody's hat before Andy is about to go to the summer camp.
It is piloted by the Fireman Toddle Tots. The Hockey Puck appeared very briefly in Toy Story , right before the toys had a staff meeting. He is not seen at the staff meeting, or anywhere else in the movie.
These characters are the toys owned by Bonnie in Toy Story 3 and the short films. Chuckles is a brokenhearted toy clown who was once owned by Daisy along with Lotso and Big Baby , and is later owned by Bonnie.
He is first seen mournfully looking out the kitchen window in Bonnie's house, where he tells Woody about Lotso's past, stating that Lotso used to be a good friend.
Chuckles explains that he, Lotso, and Big Baby were accidentally left behind on a trip with Daisy's family, and when they finally made it back to Daisy's house, both him and Lotso discovered that Lotso had been replaced, which caused Lotso to snap.
Chuckles objected when Lotso claimed all three had been replaced, but Lotso silenced him, and lied to Big Baby, saying that Daisy did not love him anymore.
After the three found their way to Sunnyside and Lotso took over, running it like a prison, Chuckles was damaged and Bonnie found him and took him home.
He still feels sorry for what happened to Lotso, but knows that what Lotso is doing at Sunnyside is wrong. He gives Woody a pendant which formerly belonged to Big Baby that says My heart belongs to Daisy, which later leads Big Baby to discover Lotso's deception and rebel against him.
In one of the end credits sequences, Chuckles sees a crayon-drawn picture of him, and Dolly says that "Bonnie really got your smile," making Chuckles happy again, for the first time in many years.
Chuckles returns in the short film Hawaiian Vacation and he sings a Hawaiian love song while playing a ukulele when Barbie and Ken get their recreated Hawaiian adventures.
He also appears in Small Fry. Dolly is a soft dress-up rag doll with purple hair, googly-eyes , an orange dress with buttons sewn on, and gently blushing cheeks.
In the Toy Story 3 video game , she is seen as a witch. It's indicated that she is the leader of Bonnie's toys. Pricklepants is a stuffed hedgehog.
He wears lederhosen and a Tyrolean hat , and views himself as a thespian. Pricklepants was made in Germany although he speaks with an English accent and actor's diction and is from the Waldfreunde Forest Friends collection of premium imported plush toys.
Throughout Toy Story 3 , he expresses great interest in theater arts and in the same respect, takes the art of role playing as a child's toy very seriously.
Buttercup refers to him sarcastically as "Baron von Shush" due to his habit of "shushing" the other toys when they break character.
During the credits, he plays Romeo , with one of the aliens playing Juliet. Trixie is a blue toy Triceratops. She chats online with "a dinosaur toy down the street" who goes by the name "Velocistar Buttercup is a white unicorn with a yellow mane and a pink nose.
Despite his appearance, he has a very gruff voice and sarcastic personality. He is the first to introduce himself to Woody when Bonnie brings him home.
He later appears at the end of the movie, now very close friends with Hamm. Peas-in-a-Pod are three soft, plush green balls in a green zip-up case that looks like a pea pod.
They have the personalities of small children, and their names are Peaty, Peatrice, and Peanelope. The Peas-in-a-Pod reappear in the short film Hawaiian Vacation.
They also appear in Small Fry. A running gag in the film is Angel Kitty giving a moral about Christmas much to other toys' mostly Trixie dismay and joy.
She is mostly seen with a trumpet giving morals. Totoro , the title character from My Neighbor Totoro , who is also the mascot of Studio Ghibli , appears as one of Bonnie's toys.
He is a big plush toy and does not speak at all during the film, nor is he spoken to by anyone by his name. He does however display his famous grin during the credit scenes, and at the end of the film, he is seen juggling the alien triplets, while Mr.
According to the tie-in book, The Art of Toy Story 3 , [ citation needed ] Totoro's appearance in the film was intended as a tribute to Hayao Miyazaki , who is a close friend of Pixar executive John Lasseter.
Combat Carl is a G. Joe -type toy character. He first appears as a toy of Sid's that Sid blows up with an M explosive in his first scene in Toy Story.
Pieces of him are later seen coming to life during Woody's plan to frighten Sid into altering his behavior near the end of the film. A different character with the same name appears in Toy Story of Terror!
The Mutant Toys are mutilated toys who live their unhappy lives in the darkest corners of Sid's room. They are assembled by Sid from mixed pieces of several toys that belong to him and Hannah hence the baby doll's parts.
They do not speak, though it is revealed they know Morse Code. Woody and Buzz initially think that they are cannibals who are going to eat them, before they learn that the toys are actually friendly and compassionate.
They close in on Sid as Woody tells Sid how much they hate being mutilated, and they all rejoice in victory after Woody frightens Sid away with his own voice.
Al's Toy Barn appears in Toy Story 3: Stinky Pete, also known as Prospector, is a prospector doll and the primary antagonist of Toy Story 2.
He is a toy modeled after a character on the fictional television show, Woody's Roundup , where the characters consists of Sheriff Woody , Jessie , Stinky Pete, and Bullseye.
The Prospector doll seen in the film had never been opened and was still "Mint in the Box" making him sought after by thousands of collectors.
In contrast to the character on the show, Stinky Pete is quite intelligent, manipulative, and well-spoken and, when he first appears, he seems to be a grandfather figure and mentor.
However, he becomes embittered because he has never been sold or played with until Al McWhiggin eventually found him. Stinky Pete makes no secret of his hatred for space toys like Buzz Lightyear, whom he blames for causing the show to be canceled after the launch of Sputnik , causing children all over America to lose their interest in cowboy toys, shifting their interest to space adventures instead.
Years after being purchased, Stinky Pete would spend years in storage while Al bought more toys and advertisements from Woody's Roundup.
Woody reveals that he has an owner named Andy Davis, which infuriates Jessie and leads the Prospector to become determined to make sure Woody doesn't go back to Andy at any cost, despite the fact that he is now aware that Al actually has stolen Woody because he still belongs to Andy.
When Al accidentally rips off Woody's arm, Stinky Pete secretly leaves his box and he sabotages Woody's attempt to recover his arm and return to Andy by turning on the TV.
He then frames Jessie for this by putting the TV remote near her before returning to his box and pretending that he "doesn't know" how the TV turned on after Woody falls for his trick.
He later convinces Woody to wait until his arm is supposed to be fixed in the morning, which is done after Al calls in a cleaner.
After Woody's arm is fixed, Stinky Pete convinces Woody after a story that Jessie tells him about her old owner, that Andy won't play with him anymore by the time he goes to college, but in Japan, Woody will be treasured forever.
Woody agrees to stay with them instead of going back to Andy, much to Stinky Pete, Jessie and Bullseye's delight. However, Woody's friends arrive during a celebration of going to Japan and they demand that Woody returns to Andy, but Woody angrily refuses, resulting in the toys sadly saying goodbye and leaving without him.
However, before leaving, Buzz says an upset goodbye to Woody by saying that he'll be staying behind glass forever and not being loved again if he chooses to go to Japan, leaving Woody to think over his choice.
However, Woody has a change of heart and tells Buzz that he is coming with them, and invites his friends to come with him to Andy's house.
However, Stinky Pete is very angry with Woody for attempting to leave with Jessie and Bullseye back to Andy's house, and once again he sabotages Woody's attempt to escape by tightening the bolt to the vent as well as revealing to the others that he can actually get out of his box whenever he wants and uses his pick axe to turn off the TV, causing Woody to realize that it was the Prospector who foiled his escape the previous night by turning on the TV and framing Jessie for it.
He sees unpopular toys like him and the Roundup Gang doomed to either always ending up in storage or "spending a lifetime on a dime store shelf watching every other toy be sold," similar to his fate before Al found him, and does not want Woody, Jessie, and Bullseye to suffer the same fate.
He also sees children as destroyers of toys whose ultimate fate will be "spending eternity rotting in some landfill ". This makes him all the more determined to go to the Tokyo museum and become an exhibit for the rest of his life, unlike Woody and Jessie.
When an angry Stinky Pete punches Buzz off the ramp at the airport to prevent Woody's rescue, Woody confronts and fights Stinky Pete for harming his friend.
Stinky Pete manages to overpower him, ripping his right arm in the process. He then attempts to finish Woody off after he refuses to get back in the case as told, assuring him that he will be fixed again in Japan while saying that going home will eventually end up with him being in pieces.
The other toys blind and stun Stinky Pete with flash cameras that the toys found after they confused and mistook another green luggage case for Woody's.
Buzz, surviving the fall, captures Stinky Pete and Woody instructs Buzz and the other toys to dump Stinky Pete into a Barbie doll backpack that belongs to a little girl named Amy voiced by Debi Derryberry , who enjoys decorating her dolls' faces with tattoos, as punishment and revenge for his betrayal, knowing it will make him learn the true meaning of playtime.
Upon learning of Amy's occupations of decorating her dolls, Stinky Pete starts to weep as he is taken to his new owner's home. Ironically, this fate is a rectification of a past injustice done to Stinky Pete.
Since much of his anger came from never being sold, opened or played with; now he is finally being owned by a child after waiting 50 years.
However, after the film's release, the film's website featured interviews with the characters. In Stinky Pete's interview, he has reformed and said that he has become accustomed to Amy decorating him, as well of being fond of Amy herself.
Despite his appearance, Stinky Pete does not appear in the third film, because he was no longer mentioned, though he seems to accurately predict the events of Toy Story 3 as what he had said after his defeat started to come true in the film.
He asks Woody if Andy will take him to college, and later tells the rest of the toys that children destroy toys, which occurs in the Sunnyside Daycare, and that they will be forgotten and end up in a landfill permanently, where the toys are narrowly rescued from the incinerator after an escape attempt and return to Andy's.
The last part of his prediction did not come true. According to his box, Stinky Pete had a total of 9 sayings. In one outtake, Stinky Pete is seen talking to two Barbie dolls in the box, promising them a role in the third film.
In another outtake, Stinky Pete gives Woody a choice to go back to Andy's home or stay, until he suffers a bout of flatulence, which he later implies is the reason for his nickname.
According to the DVD commentary, the Pixar team had deliberated for a while what the proper comeuppance for the Prospector would be before it was decided for him to be placed in a Barbie bag with a face-painted Barbie.
While looking around, Buzz notices that there is a display case labeled "New Utility Belt. Buzz finds himself wondering out loud if he was this deluded, which Utility Belt Buzz mistakes for talking back and threatens to use his laser on him.
Buzz tries to prove to him that he is not an actual Space Ranger by showing him that his laser is actually a light bulb. This doesn't work however and Utility Belt Buzz jumps out of the way and tells him that he could've killed him.
Buzz then decides that he's had enough and tries to leave, only for Utility Belt Buzz to jump out and attack him.
After trapping Buzz in a box similar to the one he came in, he is mistaken for the original Buzz by the gang. When Rex mentions that he knows how to defeat Emperor Zurg—having recently acquired a walkthrough guide for the Buzz Lightyear video game that he's been stuck on, Utility Belt Buzz quickly decides to tag along thinking that the toys are trying to find Zurg.
Heading to the elevator on the way down, they encounter a savage Emperor Zurg toy and Utility Belt Buzz engages him in battle. Rex defeats Zurg by accident, sending him falling off the elevator to his apparent doom by knocking him off-balance with his tail when he turns away as Zurg prepares to shoot Utility Belt Buzz, upsetting him.
He is last seen playing catch with his "father," the Zurg toy, whose attitude towards Utility Belt Buzz has changed after the fall. Evil Emperor Zurg is a space villain action figure and Buzz Lightyear's archenemy.
He has red evil eyes with neon gritting teeth, silver horns on his head, a purple tunic with a black cape on it and his weapon, a gun which has a power control that, as a homage to This is Spinal Tap , goes to In some cases, he does not have a gun but a hand like the one on his other arm.
In the first film, Zurg is a referenced character, and does not appear at all. However, Zurg is first seen in the opening sequence of the second film when Buzz is trying to take his main power away from him Zurg's main power is from an AA battery which is actually revealed to be a hologram.
In the ensuing battle, Zurg vaporizes the top half of Buzz Lightyear's body with his gun, killing him. The sequence then cuts showing that the opening sequence was actually a video game played by Rex.
Zurg is deluded, similar to Andy's Buzz in the first film. In the second film, another copy of Buzz Lightyear , deluded in the same way as Andy's Buzz in the first film, escapes from Al's Toy Barn and battles with Zurg on top of an elevator.
In a reference to the relationship of Luke Skywalker and Darth Vader , the principal hero and villain respectively of the original Star Wars trilogy, Evil Emperor Zurg claims he is in fact the father of Buzz, in an almost word-for-word parody of the scene in The Empire Strikes Back.
As Zurg attempts to finish off Buzz at point-blank range, Rex accidentally hits Zurg with his large tail and sends him falling down the elevator shaft.
The second Buzz looks down the shaft in despair, thinking he has lost his father, while Rex is excited that he has finally managed to defeat Zurg in real life.
Near the end of the film, Zurg is seen to have survived his fall with a bent horn and is now playing catch with the second Buzz.
He supposedly bumped his head so hard that he forgot he was Buzz Lightyear's worst enemy. In the novelisation, however, Zurg is killed by the fall, and Buzz finds him and takes him back to Al's Toy Barn to bury him.
Zurg is mentioned in the third film by Buzz in his bad guy character after Lotso resets him to Demo mode. Zurg appears briefly during a sequence in the end credits, where he is donated to Sunnyside Daycare center and greeted by the resident toys.
Zurg says he is Lightyear's father during a fight in order to shock Lightyear, before regaining the advantage during the fight and then denying the truth of that previous claim.
Whether or not this is actually true, Buzz definitely does not know who his father is. This version of Zurg is also severely lightened up, going from the movie's Darth Vader-esque version to a far less intimidating one; in the TV series Zurg is a flamboyant villain who is just as much a comic relief character as he is a formidable opponent, similar to Skeletor.
This Zurg is known for videotaping Buzz's speeches, maintaining a troll doll collection, and various other comedic habits.
He is shown to have a bit of a British accent throughout the series. It is revealed in the first episode that there is a Nana Zurg, but she is never seen at all although he claims that she's "plenty evil".
Zurg would appear to be a cyborg of some description, also much like Darth Vader. However, it has also been discussed amongst fans that his "cybernetic" traits could also very well be because of advanced technology.
There is yet to be a clear answer. In the TV series, he is the warlord-like ruler of an evil empire and is in command of an army of Hornet robots, as well of a minion workforce consisting of Grubs and Brainpods.
The seat of which is the hellish Planet Z standing for Xrghthung. In various media surrounding the film, his planet is said to be called Xrghthung.
However, because this is unpronounceable in the TV series it is changed to simply "Z. Planet Z evidently possesses vast resources and forces enabling Zurg to be a serious threat to the Galactic Alliance.
Despite being frequently gullible and bungling, Zurg is evidently highly intelligent, able to concoct sound military tactics and Machiavellian evil schemes.
Additionally, he occasionally references stereotypes of typical evil villains and intentionally violates them, showing how aware he is of his similarity to them.
For example, when designing a vast prison on Planet Z, he declines building an execution arena, for it simply "gives the captives more time to get away.
When heroes fall in, they always have enough time to figure a way out. Despite his camp nature, he is just as fearsome and ruthless as his movie counterpart.
Zurg is frequently mentioned to be the most evil villain in the galaxy and appears to possess authority over all other villains. In fact, he would appear to be a physical manifestation of pure evil.
He is particularly proud of this and frequently brags of how "evil" he is. Zurg appears as a playable character in Toy Story 3: He also has a convertible the ZurgsMobile that matches his personality.
His mini counterpart is featured in the short Small Fry. Zurg appears in the live-action Disney movie, Tomorrowland.
She gives the toys a tour in the toy barn and helps them locate Buzz Lightyear they actually find a different, 'limited-edition' Buzz. After the outtakes of the film, Tour Guide Barbie waves goodbye to the audience until her face hurts from smiling.
She then leaves for a break. Lots-O'-Huggin' Bear Lotso for short is a plush, hot pink teddy bear with a big plum nose, a sweet strawberry scent and a southern accent , who uses a wooden toy mallet as an assistive cane although he is still able to walk even without it.
He is the self-proclaimed leader of the toys at the Sunnyside Daycare Center. He initially acts like a kind-hearted and wise caretaker, but is eventually revealed to be a ruthless prison warden , although his backstory makes him more of a tragic villain.
Woody tries to escape from Sunnyside so he could go back to Andy, but is instead found and taken by a little girl named Bonnie.
Woody learns from Chuckles, one of Bonnie's toys, that Lotso was once owned and loved by a girl named Daisy, having become Daisy's favorite toy when she obtained it for Christmas.
Lotso became friends with Chuckles and Big Baby. One day, Daisy and her family had a picnic in the countryside. When she fell asleep, her parents drove her home, inadvertently leaving the toys behind.
Not wanting to give up, Lotso led his two friends on a long trek back to Daisy's house, only to discover that Daisy had gotten another Lots-O'-Huggin' Bear.
Lotso became embittered and convinced Big Baby that they had been replaced, leaving Daisy's home with Chuckles. Lotso eventually discovered Sunnyside Daycare Center and turned it into an internment camp for toys.
Big Baby took on the role of Lotso's enforcer, while Chuckles was broken, and was discovered by Bonnie and taken home.
Meanwhile, Lotso realizes that Buzz is actually requesting a transfer of himself and the rest of Andy's toys to the Butterfly Room. Thinking of Buzz to be useful to him, Lotso only approves the transfer to him.
When Buzz refuses Lotso's offer to stay in the Caterpillar Room, Lotso reverses Buzz to demo mode and manipulates him into imprisoning Andy's other toys.
When Woody and Andy's toys attempt to flee from the daycare center. Lotso catches the group and once again offers them to stay at Sunnyside when a garbage truck arrives, but the toys refuse and Lotso instructs Stretch to push the toys into the dumpster.
Woody argues with Lotso over his wrongdoings and reveals to him what he knows about Daisy and tosses Daisy's ownership tag to him; Lotso destroys it and says that toys are supposed to be discarded.
His henchmen then turn on him and Big Baby throws him into the dumpster. As the toys attempt to flee, a vengeful Lotso pulls Woody into the dumpster just as the truck collects it to get the other toys to be sent to the dump.
At the landfill, the toys end up on a conveyor belt leading to a shredder. Finding Lotso stuck under a large golf bag, Woody and Buzz rescue him and escape the shredder, only to realize that it leads to an incinerator.
As they are about to reach the incinerator, Lotso sees an emergency stop button, and with Woody and Buzz's help, manages to reach it.
However, instead of pushing the button, he chooses to leave them behind, as he is still evil and selfish on the inside and still believes that all toys are meant to be at the dump.
When Woody and the toys are rescued by the aliens, Hamm and Slinky want to get back at Lotso for leaving them to die, but Woody talks them out of it, claiming that "he's not worth it" and that the dump is the right place for him.
Lotso who is unaware the Andy's toys are still alive is eventually found by a garbage man who recalls that he once had a Lots-O'-Huggin' Bear as a child, and straps Lotso to the grill of a garbage truck with three other toys before driving away.
Lotso was intended to be in the first film originally for a sequel to Tin Toy , but the technology to design the fur to the proper consistency had yet to exist until Monsters, Inc.
However, an early version of Lotso can be seen in the first film when Woody says "Everybody hear me?
Up on the shelf, can you hear me? Test audiences who had sympathized with Lotso for his backstory had wanted him to push the button in the incinerator scene to redeem himself.
However, according to the DVD commentary, director Lee Unkrich explained that Lotso not pushing the button to save the toys was intended for the audience to really care about the characters after three films of getting to know them when it looked like it was the end for them in the incinerator.
The Pixar team took note of the people's concerns and made Lotso to be an outright, selfish liar. Lotso also makes a cameo appearance in Pixar's movie Up in a little girl's room in the city where Mr.
Fredricksen's house goes by in the bottom left corner in the shadow of the bed. IGN named Lotso the best villain of the summer of Ken is a smooth-talking doll who falls in love with Barbie.
He first appears wearing light blue pleated and cuffed shorts, and a tucked-in leopard-print shirt with short sleeves.
His accessories include matching ascot, sensible loafers and a fashion-forward gold belt. He lives in Ken's Dreamhouse, a big yellow doll house with three stories, a large wardrobe room, and an elevator.
Barbie originally breaks up with Ken when she finds him, Lotso, his other henchmen, and a reset Buzz Lightyear locking up her friends and discovering their ulterior motive.
Piqued, Ken orders her locked up as well. However, as part of a plan to escape, she pretends to forgive Ken, gaining access to his dream house.
Barbie then ties Ken hostage to try to get him to reveal how to reset Buzz back to normal. As a provocation, she entangles him in an ironing board and rips his clothing apart.
Ken reveals the truth after she begins to sabotage his prized Nehru jacket. He is not seen again until Lotso has the toys cornered at the dumpster, where he is the first to turn on Lotso.
Ken comes to Barbie's help by trying to stop Lotso, having realized Barbie through her understanding of civics. Lotso tells Ken "there's ,, just like her", but Ken insists that for him, there is no one else like her, and wins back her affections.
In the end credits of the film, he and Barbie are seen greeting new toys at Sunnyside as Barbie becomes his girlfriend again, and with Lotso gone, they both take charge of the Sunnyside toys as the new leaders.
He resembles a real doll from called Animal Lovin' Ken. Ken, along with Barbie, appears in the theatrical short, Hawaiian Vacation , in which the two embark on a journey to Hawaii, but ends up in Bonnie's room, where Woody and the other toys reenact various Hawaiian scenes.
Big Baby is a Bitty Baby doll with a lazy eye who carries around a bottle and is adorned with childlike scribbling that resembles ferocious tattoos.
He normally does not speak, instead communicating through baby sounds, with the exception of one spoken line after the toys escape Sunnyside.
Big Baby was once one of Daisy's toys before he, Lotso, and Chuckles were lost at a rest area. After returning home, Lotso lied to Big Baby, claiming that Daisy replaced and no longer loved them.
Eventually, Woody reveals to Lotso that Daisy still cared about them and gives Big Baby his pendant, sparking his memory of his former owner, whom he called "Mama".
Lotso derides Big Baby for his attachment to Daisy and smashes the pendant with his mallet. Big Baby turns against Lotso and throws him in the dumpster a parody of a scene from Return of the Jedi , blows him a raspberry , and helps Woody and his friends escape Sunnyside.
In the credits, Big Baby is much happier at Sunnyside under Barbie and Ken's care, and even wears gold diapers to match their outfits at a party at the daycare.
The baby who provided the voice for Big Baby is named "Woody," according to Lee Unkrich 's Twitter account,  and the film's credits confirm it as being Woody Smith listed under Additional voices.
Twitch is a green "insectaloid warrior" action figure with a bug's head, orange eyes with ferocious chomping mandibles, wings, and two muscular arms.
He is one of the toy thugs working for Lotso. He helps to reprogram Buzz, and later apprehends Andy's other toys. He keeps a search light working in the playground.
During the credits, he is seen living in a happier Sunnyside and is shown taking a turn to endure playtime with the young children in the Caterpillar Room, switching with Chunk so he can rest.
Twitch is reminiscent of the s " He-Man and the Masters of the Universe " toy line, and other similar lines. Stretch is a toy rubber octopus with sticky suckers on her eight long arms and a glittery, purple body.
She is the sole female member of Lotso's gang, and at first welcomes the toys, but later helps capture them with her elastic tentacles.
With her cohorts, she later catches Woody and his friends, and was eager to push them into the dumpster, should they not admit defeat.
However, Stretch was also seen to be the first toy to doubt Lotso's leadership and motives, as she was seen to visibly cringe at Lotso's true character being revealed.
After Lotso destroys Big Baby's locket, he angrily orders Stretch to push Woody and his friends into the dumpster, which Stretch is now reluctant to do, causing Lotso to reveal his true feelings about all toys.
Eventually, Lotso is thrown into the dumpster by Big Baby for his lies and treachery, and Stretch immediately leaves the area, shocked at what had happened but relieved.
In the credits, she welcomes new toys happily without Lotso and is later seen sneaking a message to Woody and the gang in Bonnie's backpack.
She is based on a purple Wacky WallWalker toy from the s. Chunk is an orange muscular rock monster toy. He has two red eyes when fierce, blue eyes when he's friendly, huge fists, and a face that you can change by rolling it up or down to a different facial expression or pressing a button at the top of his head.
He welcomes the toys to Sunnyside, but later helps Lotso and Buzz imprison them. He is then convinced of Lotso's deception when he abuses Big Baby, and is seen helping Woody and his friends climb to safety.
In the credits, he is seen taking the abuse of the younger children, later taking a rest while Twitch takes his place. He is based on the short lived Rock Lords toyline.
Chunk has a very low level of intelligence: During a gambling scene, he describes Buzz as "He ain't the sharpest knife in the He enjoys teasing Ken during the gambling scene since he called him a "girl's toy.
Sparks is a robot toy at Sunnyside Daycare. He has shown to be both blunt and sarcastic. Sparks' retro design has flashing red LED eyes and a blaster cavity in his chest that spits out real sparks when he's rolling around on his wheels, but is completely safe for children.
He sports telescoping arms with working pincers and he can also elevate his body to make himself taller. He starts out as one of Lotso's henchmen, but in the dumpster scene, when Ken states that Lotso put all of the toys in Sunnyside Daycare into a pyramid and placed himself on the top, he and Twitch and likely Chunk as well start to doubt Lotso's leadership as both of them look at each other.
Both of them are also in shock when Lotso shows his true colors and pokes Big Baby angrily in the stomach. They also witness Big Baby who retaliates by throwing Lotso into the dumpster, and he and the rest of his fellow henchmen let Andy's toys escape.
In the end, he and the rest of Lotso's former henchmen reform for the better and become nicer. Sparks has only one line, when he points out Chunk's low intelligence, he says, "Neither are you, Chunk" after Chunk gives his opinion on Buzz.
Chatter Telephone is a character based on the real-life toy of the same name. He can only speak when his receiver is lifted from its cradle.
He lives in the Caterpillar Room. He is the oldest toy at Sunnyside, and becomes an ally to Woody. When Woody returns to Sunnyside, he immediately says that coming back was a mistake because Lotso had rigged his security after he left and that the best action would be to just lay low.
He reluctantly gives him instructions on how to escape Sunnyside. For this, he is later brutally beaten and broken for helping Woody and his group escape, and eventually rats Woody out when convinced that Woody and the other toys had already escaped, but are caught just before they can do so.
He sadly apologizes to Woody who shows sympathy for the broken toy. In the credits, he has been repaired and now lives a happier life there at Sunnyside Daycare without Lotso, having been invited into the Butterfly Room.
When Woody talked to him, he called him Ol' Timer. The Bookworm is a green toy worm with a built-in flashlight who wears glasses. He is a genius who loves reading books.
He keeps a library of instruction manuals in a closet at Sunnyside, and gives Lotso the instruction manual for Buzz Lightyear.
He later gives the same manual to Barbie who he thinks is Ken since she is disguised in his spacesuit outfit. It is unknown if he is in allegiance with Lotso but is most likely not, since he is never seen with him very often.
In the credits, he is happy without Lotso, and is seen using his flashlight to light a disco ball during a party at Sunnyside.
He is based on the Glo Worm toys from the s. He only has two lines in the film. The cymbal-banging monkey is a monkey toy based on the Musical Jolly Chimp toy from the s.
Chatter Telephone tells Woody that he must get rid of the monkey before he and his friends can escape. Woody and Slinky manage to succeed in taking him down by wrapping him up in Scotch Tape and shutting him in a filing cabinet.
In the credits, he is seen in a much happier situation, gently playing his clash cymbals while wearing star-shaped sunglasses.
Appearing in Small Fry , the Discarded Fun Meal Toys are toys that were discarded by children and have formed a support group in a storage room at Poultry Palace.
Buzz Lightyear came across them at the time when he was replaced by the Fun Meal Toy version of Buzz. Among the Fun Meal Toys are:.
A set of toys who were stolen from their owners during their stay at the Sleep Well roadside motel by Manager Ron's pet iguana, Mr. Jones, so that Ron could sell them online.
They appear in Toy Story of Terror! They eventually escape with help from Jessie, and depart the Sleep Well on a mail truck.
He lived with his mother and sister Molly, but left to go to college when he was However, his father is never seen or mentioned in the films.
Toy Story 2 implies that Woody might be a hand-me-down toy, and when introducing the set of Toy Story collectibles, John Lasseter said "We always imagined he was a hand-me-down to Andy from his father.
Tension erupts between Buzz and Woody, who has always prided himself on being Andy's favorite. Andy initially spends much more time with his new toy, but still has a special place in his heart for Woody.
Thus, he becomes concerned when both toys go missing for a time, fearing they would be lost during his family's move to a new house.
In Toy Story 2 , Andy is only seen in the beginning and for a short while in the ending. During his appearances, it is clear that he still loves his toys very much.
He marks them, as he has all his toys, with his name on the soles of their feet, or in Bullseye's case, one letter of his name on each hoof. In Toy Story 3 , Andy is 17 and preparing to go off to college, intending to put most of his toys in the attic except for Woody, whom he initially plans to take with him.
While he apparently has not played with his toys for some years and has given many of them away, he is still resistant to his mother's suggestion to either donate or sell his remaining toys, referring to them as "junk" which the toys believe is what he truly thinks.
When they go missing, however, he becomes upset and confused when he cannot find them. Before he goes to college, Woody secretly puts the address of Bonnie the young daughter of a family friend on the box with the toys in it, causing Andy to come around to the idea of donating them.
He passes them on to young Bonnie, who he realizes will look after his childhood playthings and gives them each their own introduction, stating the qualities that make each of them special.
When Bonnie finds Woody in the box as well, Andy shows great reluctance to pass on his favorite toy, but ultimately relents, allowing the toys to stay together in an environment where they will be loved and played with.
He spends time with Bonnie and the toys one last time before departing for college, and is noticeably sad when Bonnie has Woody "wave" to him.
He then responds with a quiet "Thanks, guys". According to Toy Story producer Ralph Guggenheim in a December Animation Magazine article, John Lasseter and the story team for Toy Story reviewed the names of Pixar employees' children, looking for the right name for Woody's owner.
Davis was ultimately named after and based on Andy Luckey , the son of legendary animator Bud Luckey , Pixar's fifth employee and the creator of Woody.
Luckey has declined to publicly comment on the connection. In the DVD feature for Toy Story 3 on the voice cast, the Pixar crew remark that they weren't sure if Morris would want to do it or would sound right, and were ecstatic when they heard his voice on an answering machine, Morris was perfect for teenage Andy.
Voiced by Emily Hahn. She becomes the owner of Woody, Buzz and the other toys at the end of the film. Although she has an active imagination and boisterous manner when playing with her toys, she is shy and withdrawn when she is around adults, but she quickly warms up to Andy, when he donates his toys to her.
She finds Woody, who was trying to escape Sunnyside, takes him home, and plays with him. Woody is impressed by what he sees at her house and ultimately gets himself and all of Andy's other toys donated to her.
Andy briefly plays with her after handing over his toys, and tells her he needs someone "very special" to take care of them for him. Molly Davis is Andy's younger sister, seen as an infant in the first film, a toddler in the second film, and as a preteen in the third film.
Andy uses her crib as the town jail during playtime at the beginning of the first film, implying they are sharing a room. When the family moves later in the film, Andy and Molly get separate rooms, though Molly has plans to move into Andy's presumably larger room once he leaves for college.
In the first film, she slobbers on Mr. Potato Head and throws him from the crib, causing his parts to scatter and earning her the nickname "Princess Drool" from him.
At the end of the film, she receives a Mrs. Potato Head toy for Christmas. In Toy Story 3 , she also owned a Barbie doll, which she donates to the daycare center as she was less interested in dolls and toys by that time and is now a preteen.
Voiced by Laurie Metcalf —present. Davis is Andy and Molly's single mother. In the first film, she has brown hair and ties it in a ponytail.
In the other two films, her physical appearance is noticeably different and instead of brown, she has blonde hair and leaves it down. Though presented as a loving mother to Andy and Molly, Mrs.
Davis is actually a major though indirect threat to the toys, as she frequently asks Andy to throw out the toys he no longer wants.
In the first film, she purchases a Buzz Lightyear toy for Andy on his birthday, prompting the rivalry between Buzz and Woody which leads to them being lost and forced to find their way home.
In the second film, she puts Wheezy up for sale at a yard sale due to a broken squeaker , prompting Woody's rescue attempt where he is subsequently stolen by Al.
In the third film, she orders Andy to clean out his room before going to college and mistakenly throws away the toys Andy was putting in the attic when she thinks that the bag he put them in is a trash bag, causing them to be donated to a daycare center.
Despite this, in the second film, she is overly protective of Woody, describing him as an old family toy. At the end of the third film, she breaks down and weeps at the departure of her first son, but Andy reassures her that she will always be with him even if they are apart.
This moment between mother and son plays a major factor in Woody deciding to have Andy donate his toys to Bonnie, thus giving them a new lease on their lives.
Some articles explore the possibility that Mrs. Davis is Jessie's original owner, Emily from her flashback memories. The evidence cited references the flashbacks of Jessie and Emily from Toy Story 2.
The flashback sequence shows Emily as a child in the s, which is when she would have been a child. The sequence also shows that the cowboy hat that Emily had is very similar to Andy's hat but with an additional white lace area, and Emily's hair was brown, just like Mrs.
Davis's hair in the first film. Sid Phillips is Andy's neighbor until Andy moves, but it is unknown if he and Andy know each other.
Sid Philips is the primary antagonist of Toy Story. Sid is known for torturing and destroying toys. Many of his toys are either destroyed, have missing pieces, or replaced with parts from other toys, even Sid "torturing" Woody by burning his forehead with a magnifying glass.
He is also shown tormenting his sister and destroying her toys by certain methods such as exploding, burning, and decapitating them. He also enjoys skateboarding , and his shirt depicts the logo for Zero Skateboards.
The toys mention that he was consistently kicked out of summer camp; and in the audio commentary on the tenth anniversary DVD, the directors mention that he is a bully but also the "most creative character in the movie".
It is also implied that he does not have the best home life. His parents do not make any major appearances: He also seems to be the only human depicted in the film to observe toys actually coming to life.
At the end of the first film, Woody and Sid's mutant toys decide to rescue Buzz by scaring Sid, which causes him to become very frightened of toys.
The last straw is Woody coming alive and telling him to take good care of his toys or else. This causes Sid to panic and run back into his house screaming, and then to his room when his sister scares him with her toy doll.
Sid does not appear in the second film, although he is mentioned once by Buzz during the toys' mission to rescue Woody from the greedy toy collector Al McWhiggin.
Sid also appears in the four-issue Monsters, Inc. In the third film, Sid now an adult makes brief appearances in two scenes once again voiced by Erik von Detten.
He is shown to be a garbageman with a small beard, recognizable by his characteristic T-shirt. His only dialogue in this movie involves humming guitar riffs, and he is depicted listening to heavy metal music through a pair of large headphones.
Voiced by Sarah Freeman. Hannah Phillips is Sid's sweet-natured, younger sister who appears a few times in the first film.
In Toy Story, Hannah has adjusted to her toys being mutilated by Sid. Most of her dolls either have different heads or altered body parts, and at the end of the film she finds enjoyment in scaring her brother after he has been horrified by Woody and the other toys.
She spends most of the time during the movie playing with her altered dolls. He steals Woody from a yard sale held by Andy's mother in hopes of selling him to a toy museum in Tokyo, Japan.
He is unscrupulously obsessive, overweight, very impatient, and lazy, as he complains of having to "drive all the way to work on a Saturday", despite his apartment only being across the street from the store.
He is partially inspired by his voice actor Wayne Knight ; during the production of Toy Story 2, Knight had a goatee like Al in the movie.
Cartoonist and animator Scott Shaw has also been acknowledged as another model and inspiration for Al, while the film's director John Lasseter said that Al is inspired by himself.
Al is the owner of a large toy store called "Al's Toy Barn". The store is mentioned in the first Toy Story in an advertisement for Buzz Lightyear toys, but Al did not appear.
He is first seen in Toy Story 2 during an advertisement on TV in which he is dressed up in a chicken suit of which Hamm remarks "I despise that chicken" after turning off the TV.
He later is seen trying to buy Woody in a yard sale held by Andy's mom. After Andy's mother refuses to hand over the doll and locks him in a box, Al steals Woody with the intent of selling him, along with the rest of his collection of Woody's Roundup toys and memorabilia, to a Japanese toy museum for a large sum of money.
Andy's toys arrived at his apartment to rescue Woody but Stinky Pete's interference allow Al to leave for the airport with the Roundup Gang. Andy's toys follow him there on a stolen pizza planet truck.
In the original script, Andy's toys steal Al's car and Al steals the pizza planet truck and gives chase As Al's plane is about to fly off to Japan with the Roundup Gang packed in the luggage, Andy's toys are able to save Woody, Jessie and Bullseye, getting Jessie off of the plane at the last second, while the Prospector is placed in a little girl's backpack for his betrayal.
During his latest commercial soon after, Al is unable to control himself from hysterically sobbing over his losses as a result, which Hamm responded to by saying "Well, I guess crime doesn't pay.
Al was originally conceived to appear in the first Toy Story film, but was cut in the final screenplay. Al's last name was revealed on the nameplate on his office desk; also, when he is done taking pictures, he answers his cellphone and Mr.
Konishi can be heard saying his full name. According to Disney Adventures magazine, Al was not permitted to play with his toys when he was a kid, which led to his toy-collecting niche.
Konishi is heard calling him that on the phone. Anderson is the mother of Bonnie. She wears purple glasses. In Toy Story 3, she is the receptionist at Sunnyside Daycare.
When Andy comes to return his toys to Bonnie, Mrs. Anderson is amazed to see a grown-up college student donating his childhood toys to her daughter.
During the credits scene, she carries another box of donation toys into the Butterfly Room at Sunnyside that contains Emperor Zurg.
In Toy Story of Terror , she and Bonnie are driving in the countryside at nighttime when the car tire punctures.
In the morning, the curtain behind the manager's desk fell down revealing all her missing toys. Anderson calls the police to arrest the manager who stole the toys.
Geri , an elderly specialist in toy restoration and repair with a fully loaded toy repair kit, comes to Al's apartment in Toy Story 2 to fix Woody up in preparation for his trip to Japan.
He insists that Al let him take his time with the work and views it as more than a simple job, asserting, "You can't rush art.
Geri previously appeared in Pixar's short, Geri's Game , where he plays a chess game against himself. In that short, he is voiced by Bob Peterson.
One of the drawers in his carrying case contains chess pieces, a reference to the short. Emily was the name of Jessie's former owner and is mentioned by her in the second film.
During this sequence, Jessie tells Woody of her first experience with an owner who was Emily and why she resented being a child's toy. As a young child she was a fan of the Wild West and horses, along with the Woody's Roundup TV show, apparent through her love of Jessie.
As she became a teenager, her interest began to shift towards makeup, pop culture of the time and gossip with her friends which led to Jessie being neglected then thrown away through a donation box.
She is mentioned by Jessie for the second time in the third film, when she fears of being thrown away by Andy, saying "I should've seen this coming!
It's Emily all over again! Daisy is a little girl who appears in flashbacks in Toy Story 3. She owned Lotso, Big Baby and Chuckles in the beginning, but accidentally left them behind at a rest area along the road.
In order to pacify her, Daisy's parents bought her another Lots-O'-Huggin' Bear rather than finding Lotso and the rest of her toys, which made Lotso think he had been replaced and forgotten about, and changed him into a sinister, ruthless toy.
He has a habit of stealing toys from customers in his motel and selling them on the Internet, with the help from his pet iguana, Mr.
When Bonnie and her mother went to Sleep Well after their car got a flat tire, Mr. Jones steals a number of Bonnie's toys, including Woody, Buzz, and Jessie.
Ron then takes pictures of the toys and puts them on his bidding sale, awaiting buyers. Jessie manages to trick Mr.
Jones into tearing off the curtain, revealing the toys' location and Ron's scheme to Bonnie and her mother, who then calls the police.
Two police officers later arrive to question Ron, who attempts to escape by stealing their car but is forced to flee on foot after immediately crashing it into the motel sign.
The police officers initiate a manhunt for him. Mason receives an entire Battlesaurs collection for Christmas but is distracted from them by a new video game system.
However, due to Trixie and Reptillus' efforts he abandons the video game and plays with his new toys. He is later shown to write his name on his toys in similar fashion to Andy and Bonnie.
Scud is Sid's aggressive Bull Terrier. His viciousness is first demonstrated when Sid sets a Squeeze Toy Alien on his nose and commands him to maul it mercilessly.
Scud serves as an obstacle for Woody and Buzz as they try to escape Sid's house. First, as Woody tries to run off when Sid leaves the bedroom door open he encounters Scud sleeping and accidentally wakes him, forcing him and Buzz to hide.
When Sid takes Buzz to the backyard to blow him up with a rocket, Woody tries to save him but Scud traps him in Sid's room.
The mutant toys help Woody distract Scud so they can rescue Buzz. Scud later spots Woody and Buzz trying to escape on the moving van and pursues them, but is eluded when he runs after them into the middle of a traffic intersection and is trapped by the cars as they crash while trying to avoid him.
Buster is Andy's pet dachshund , whom he receives at the end of Toy Story. Buster appears in Toy Story 2 and Toy Story 3.
In Toy Story 2, he is depicted as being very energetic. Buster is considered to be nice to the toys in Andy's room and is the only one in Andy's house who knows that the toys are alive, and is fiercely loyal to Woody, obeying all commands given to him by Woody: However, he does not respond to commands from Andy whatsoever.
Slinky is also able to communicate with him due to the fact they are both dogs. At the beginning of Toy Story 2, Buster finds Woody in a record of In Toy Story 3 , Buster is now older and looks very aged, with mixed brown and gray fur, a gray-white snout, overweight, and too old to help Woody save the other toys in a direct parody of the rescue scene from Toy Story 2 , although he remains nice and loyal to them.
He tends to fall asleep as well. Crazy Critters are a bunch of 2-dimensional animal puppets from the Woody's Roundup show including an armadillo , bat , bear , beaver , bird , deer , vulture , bear cub, porcupine , flying squirrel , rabbit , skunk , snake , fox , raccoon , tortoise and bobcat.
They come quickly when Jessie calls them, with the tortoise falling slightly behind the others. Woody understands them in the Woody's Roundup show.
Jones is an iguana appearing in Toy Story of Terror! He is loyal to his master and is trained to secretly steal toys from customers so that his master can sell the toys off the Internet.
During the majority of the special, he is seen snatching most of Bonnie's toys away in a flash through the air shafts and ventilation systems.
Eventually, he accidentally swallowed Mr. Potato Head's left arm and Combat Carl's right hand. However, he is forced to regurgitate them out after Jessie tricks him into ripping off the curtain, revealing Ron's scheme to Bonnie and her mother.
It is unknown what happens to him afterwards, although it is implied that he will be sent to Animal Control. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Comedian Don Rickles Dies At 90". Retrieved September 24, Retrieved August 14, Retrieved August 16, Retrieved on September 29, Retrieved May 7, Archived from the original on September 22, And the name of the baby actor who supplied the voice?
Retrieved September 20, — via Twitter. It took some convincing He thought the whole thing was a hoax".
In his Nobel Lecture the following day, he speculated on his award: If fully implemented, the revolution can provide sufficient food for sustenance during the next three decades.
But the frightening power of human reproduction must also be curbed; otherwise the success of the green revolution will be ephemeral only. Most people still fail to comprehend the magnitude and menace of the "Population Monster" Since man is potentially a rational being, however, I am confident that within the next two decades he will recognize the self-destructive course he steers along the road of irresponsible population growth Borlaug continually advocated increasing crop yields as a means to curb deforestation.
The large role he played in both increasing crop yields and promoting this view has led to this methodology being called by agricultural economists the "Borlaug hypothesis", namely that increasing the productivity of agriculture on the best farmland can help control deforestation by reducing the demand for new farmland.
According to this view, assuming that global food demand is on the rise, restricting crop usage to traditional low-yield methods would also require at least one of the following: It is thus argued that high-yield techniques are ultimately saving ecosystems from destruction.
On a global scale, this view holds strictly true ceteris paribus , if deforestation only occurs to increase land for agriculture.
But other land uses exist, such as urban areas, pasture, or fallow, so further research is necessary to ascertain what land has been converted for what purposes, to determine how true this view remains.
Increased profits from high-yield production may also induce cropland expansion in any case, although as world food needs decrease, this expansion may decrease as well.
Borlaug's name is nearly synonymous with the Green Revolution , against which many criticisms have been mounted over the decades by environmentalists and some nutritionalists.
Throughout his years of research, Borlaug's programs often faced opposition by people who consider genetic crossbreeding to be unnatural or to have negative effects.
Other concerns of his critics and critics of biotechnology in general include: Borlaug dismissed most claims of critics, but did take certain concerns seriously.
He stated that his work has been "a change in the right direction, but it has not transformed the world into a Utopia".
They've never experienced the physical sensation of hunger. They do their lobbying from comfortable office suites in Washington or Brussels.
If they lived just one month amid the misery of the developing world, as I have for fifty years, they'd be crying out for tractors and fertilizer and irrigation canals and be outraged that fashionable elitists back home were trying to deny them these things".
Following his retirement, Borlaug continued to participate in teaching, research and activism. From to , Borlaug served on the International Fertilizer Development Center board of directors.
He worked in the building's Heep Center, and taught one semester each year. In the early s, environmental groups that were opposed to Borlaug's methods campaigned against his planned expansion of efforts into Africa.
They prompted the Rockefeller and Ford Foundations and the World Bank to stop funding most of his African agriculture projects.
Western European governments were persuaded to stop supplying fertilizer to Africa. According to David Seckler, former Director General of the International Water Management Institute , "the environmental community in the s went crazy pressuring the donor countries and the big foundations not to support ideas like inorganic fertilizers for Africa.
In , during the Ethiopian famine, Ryoichi Sasakawa , the chairman of the Japan Shipbuilding Industry Foundation now the Nippon Foundation , contacted the semi-retired Borlaug, wondering why the methods used in Asia were not extended to Africa, and hoping Borlaug could help.
He managed to convince Borlaug to help with this new effort,  and subsequently founded the Sasakawa Africa Association SAA to coordinate the project.
The SAA is a research and extension organization that aims to increase food production in African countries that are struggling with food shortages.
Yields of maize in developed African countries tripled. Yields of wheat, sorghum , cassava , and cowpeas also increased in these countries.
Because of this, Borlaug's initial projects were restricted to developed regions of the continent. Despite these setbacks, Borlaug found encouragement.
Visiting Ethiopia in , Jimmy Carter won Prime Minister Meles Zenawi 's support for a campaign seeking to aid farmers, using the fertilizer diammonium phosphate and Borlaug's methods.
For Borlaug, the rapid increase in yields suggested that there was still hope for higher food production throughout sub-Saharan Africa,  despite lingering questions and the absence of long-term studies.
The World Food Prize is an international award recognizing the achievements of individuals who have advanced human development by improving the quality, quantity or availability of food in the world.
The prize was created in by Norman Borlaug, as a way to recognize personal accomplishments, and as a means of education by using the Prize to establish role models for others.
The first prize was given to Borlaug's former colleague, M. Swaminathan , in , for his work in India. The University was unable to expand the necessary content or customer base, and since late has been defunct.
The limited potential for land expansion for cultivation worried Borlaug, who, in March , stated that, "we will have to double the world food supply by His dream was to "transfer rice immunity to cereals such as wheat, maize, sorghum and barley, and transfer bread-wheat proteins gliadin and glutenin to other cereals, especially rice and maize".
Borlaug believed that genetically modified organisms GMO was the only way to increase food production as the world runs out of unused arable land.
GMOs were not inherently dangerous "because we've been genetically modifying plants and animals for a long time.
Long before we called it science, people were selecting the best breeds. GM crops are as natural and safe as today's bread wheat, opined Dr.
Borlaug, who also reminded agricultural scientists of their moral obligation to stand up to the antiscience crowd and warn policy makers that global food insecurity will not disappear without this new technology and ignoring this reality global food insecurity would make future solutions all the more difficult to achieve.
According to Borlaug, "Africa, the former Soviet republics, and the cerrado are the last frontiers.
After they are in use, the world will have no additional sizable blocks of arable land left to put into production, unless you are willing to level whole forests, which you should not do.
So, future food-production increases will have to come from higher yields. And though I have no doubt yields will keep going up, whether they can go up enough to feed the population monster is another matter.
Unless progress with agricultural yields remains very strong, the next century will experience sheer human misery that, on a numerical scale, will exceed the worst of everything that has come before".
Besides increasing the worldwide food supply, early in his career Borlaug stated that taking steps to decrease the rate of population growth will also be necessary to prevent food shortages.
In his Nobel Lecture of , Borlaug stated, "Most people still fail to comprehend the magnitude and menace of the 'Population Monster' If it continues to increase at the estimated present rate of two percent a year, the world population will reach 6.
Currently, with each second, or tick of the clock, about 2. The rhythm of increase will accelerate to 2. The tick-tock of the clock will continually grow louder and more menacing each decade.
Where will it all end? They point to a quote from the year in which he stated: The more pertinent question today is whether farmers and ranchers will be permitted to use this new technology?
While the affluent nations can certainly afford to adopt ultra low-risk positions, and pay more for food produced by the so-called 'organic' methods, the one billion chronically undernourished people of the low income, food-deficit nations cannot.
Borlaug died of lymphoma at the age of 95, on September 12, , in his Dallas home. Borlaug's children released a statement saying, "We would like his life to be a model for making a difference in the lives of others and to bring about efforts to end human misery for all mankind.
The Prime Minister of India Manmohan Singh and President of India Pratibha Patil paid tribute to Borlaug saying, "Borlaug's life and achievement are testimony to the far-reaching contribution that one man's towering intellect, persistence and scientific vision can make to human peace and progress.
Borlaug's long and remarkable life, we also celebrate the long and productive lives that his achievements have made possible for so many millions of people around the world Also in that year, he became a member of the U.
National Academy of Sciences. In , he was given an honorary doctorate by the Agricultural University of Norway.
In , he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize by the Norwegian Nobel Committee "for his contributions to the 'green revolution' that was having such an impact on food production particularly in Asia and in Latin America.
In , he was awarded a Peace Medal in the form of a dove, carrying a wheat ear in its beak by Haryana Agricultural University , Hisar, India.
In , he received the S. In , he was elected honorary member of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences. Also that year, he was recognized for sustained service to humanity through outstanding contributions in plant breeding from the Governors Conference on Agriculture Innovations in Little Rock , Arkansas.
Also in , he received the Henry G. He recently received the Charles A. Black Award for his contributions to public policy and the public understanding of science.
In , the University of Minnesota named a wing of the new science building in Borlaug's honor, calling it "Borlaug Hall. On 25 March , a statue of Borlaug at the United States Capitol was unveiled in a ceremony on the th anniversary of his birth.
This statue replaces the statue of James Harlan as one of the two statues given to the National Statuary Hall Collection by the state of Iowa.
In addition to the Nobel Prize, Borlaug received the U. As of January , Borlaug had received 49 honorary degrees from as many universities, in 18 countries, the most recent from Dartmouth College on June 12, ,  and was a foreign or honorary member of 22 international Academies of Sciences.
In , the Government of India conferred on him its second highest civilian award: Several research institutions and buildings have been named in his honor, including: The stained-glass World Peace Window at St.
Mark's Episcopal Cathedral in Minneapolis , Minnesota , depicts "peace makers" of the 20th century, including Norman Borlaug.
The president of a fictional African country describes the kind of " miracle " needed to save his country from the ravages of AIDS by referencing an American scientist who was able to save the world from hunger through the development of a new type of wheat.
Each player picks a few cards at random, and bets on whether one thinks one's card shows a greater person than the other players' cards based on a characterization such as humanitarianism or scientific achievement.
Penn gets Norman Borlaug, and proceeds to bet all his chips, his house, his rings, his watch, and essentially everything he's ever owned.
He wins because, as he says, "Norman is the greatest human being, and you've probably never heard of him. In August , Dr. Borlaug Act of The act authorizes that Borlaug be awarded America's highest civilian award, the Congressional Gold Medal.
On December 6, , the House of Representatives passed the measure by voice vote. Borlaug has saved [is] more than a billion people" The act authorizes the Secretary of the Treasury to strike and sell duplicates of the medal in bronze.
Borlaug was a foreign fellow of the Bangladesh Academy of Sciences. The Borlaug Dialogue Norman E. Borlaug International Symposium is named in his honour.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Green Revolution World Food Prize. Agronomy Plant pathology Genetics. Green Revolution and Green Revolution in India.
Borlaug — Plant scientist who transformed global food production". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. Archived from the original on 17 September Retrieved 17 September Retrieved 27 May The Wall Street Journal.
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The World Food Prize. Archived from the original on 3 July Archived from the original on 18 September An assistant to the family says she fell recently and never recovered.
Retrieved November 8, Science , 30 October ; Principles and Methods of Plant Breeding". Tamil Nadu Agricultural University. Forgotten Benefactor of Humanity.
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The United States Mint. Laureates of the Nobel Peace Prize. United States National Medal of Science laureates. Behavioral and social science.
Roger Adams Othmar H. Anne Anastasi George J. Leonid Hurwicz Patrick Suppes William Julius Wilson Rose Sewall Wright Harlow Michael Heidelberger Alfred H.
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